Know the Facts
Victims come from ALL demographics, ALL communities.
The Global Problem
According to the 2017 “Human Trafficking by the Numbers (humanrightsfirst.org):
- An estimated 24.9 million victims are trapped in modern-day slavery. Of these:
- 16 million (64%) were exploited for labor,
- 4.8 million (19%) were sexually exploited,
- 4.1 million (17%) were exploited in state-imposed forced labor
- Forced labor takes place in many different industries. Of the 16 million trafficking victims exploited for labor:
- 7.5 million (47%) forced labor victims work in construction, manufacturing, mining, or hospitality
- 3.8 million (24%) forced labor victims are domestic workers
- 1.7 million (11%) forced labor victims work in agriculture
- 71% of trafficking victims around the world are women and girls and 29% are men and boys.
- 15.4 million victims (75%) are aged 18 or older, with the number of children under the age of 18 estimated at 5.5 million (25%).
- The Asia-pacific region accounts for the largest number of forced laborers— 15.4 million (62% of the global total). Africa has 5.7 million (23%) followed by Europe and Central Asia with 2.2 million (9%). The Americas account for 1.2 million (5%) and the Arab States account for 1% of all victims.
- Human trafficking does not always involve travel to the destination of exploitation: 2.2 million (14%) of victims of forced labor moved either internally or internationally, while 3.5 million (74%) of victims of sexual exploitation were living outside their country of residence.
- Victims spend an average of 20 months in forced labor, although this varied with different forms of forced labor.
- While only 19% of victims are trafficked for sex, sexual exploitation earns 66% of the global profits of human trafficking. The average annual profits generated by each woman in forced sexual servitude ($100,000) is estimated to be six times more than the average profits generated by each trafficking victim worldwide ($21,800), according to the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE).
- OSCE studies show that sexual exploitation can yield a return on investment ranging from 100% to 1,000%, while an enslaved laborer can produce more than 50% profit even in less profitable markets (e.g., agricultural labor in India).
- While sexual exploitation generates profits, forced labor saves costs. In one case, Chinese kitchen workers were paid $808 for a 78-hour work week in Germany. According to German law, a cook was entitled to earn $2,558 for a 39-hour work week according to the OSCE.
- 4.5M victims trafficked in the U.S.A
- A $32 billion-a-year industry, human trafficking is on the rise and is in all 50 states (U.S. Government)
- In the USA, sex trafficking comprises more than 80% of all human trafficking. However, labor trafficking is on the increase
- It is estimated that there are over 300,000 new sex trafficked victims each year.
- 80% are female
- Nearly half are children
- 18,000-20,000 victims are brought into the USA from another country
- 75% of victims are trafficked online
- Over 50% of exploited adults were first trafficked as children
- Teen homelessness is the single biggest factor for being sexually assaulted
- The State Department estimates that 14,500 to 17,500 people are trafficked into the USA each year
- New York, Texas and Florida have the highest incidence of sex trafficking (Human Trafficking Hotline)
- According to the Urban Center Study, 71% of labor trafficking victims come into the country legally
- Migrant workers come to the USA on legal visas tied to their employer
- Labor Trafficking in the USA is most prevalent in:
- Hospitality business (hotels, restaurants)
- Private Residences (nannies, housekeepers, cooks)
- The U.S. Department of Labor has identified 148 goods from 75 countries made by forced and child labor.
- In 2017, an estimated 1 out of 7 endangered runaways reported to the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children were likely child sex trafficking victims.
- Of those, 88% were in the care of social services or foster care when they ran.